The first time you run into a Puli dog breed, you might think that a mop with four feet and a wet nose is running about! But make no mistake: these dogs are cool to watch, intelligent, friendly, loving, and adorable. The Hungarian dog breed is not much different than another Hungarian corded dog called the Komondor.
Let us study everything you need to know before you bring home your Puli puppy.
Fun facts about the Puli
- Puli has a long, storied history which can be traced back to nearly 1000 years to ancient civilization. The word Puli means drover in many parts of the world although the Mongol word Puli or buri means destroyer. The breed may have originated in Asia in the 9th century.
- There are many similarities between the Puli and the Tibetan Terrier.
- In Hungary, the word Pulix is used to denote plural of Puli though in America, people use either Pulik or Pulis.
- Another Hungarian dog called the Pumi is also a herding dog like Puli, although its coat does not have a tendency to cord. Also, the Pumi dog is usually seen in towns while the Puli is more a country dog. Puli puppy also resembles a dog called Mudi which is another Hungarian herding breed.
- A French shepherd dog called the Beauceron may have been used in the development of the Puli.
- There are several other corded dog breeds other than the Puli; the Komondor, the Bergamasco, and recently the corded Poodle, are some other corded coat breeds.
- Male dogs measure about 38-45 cm with a weight of about 13-15 kg. Bitches weigh about 36-42 cm and 10 to 13 kg in weight.
- Pulis are medium-sized dogs with striking corded coats. Standard accepted coat colors are white, and black, although colors like grey, rusty black, and apricot may be accepted in other countries.
- Puli dogs develop the cords by three years of age. The unusual coat keeps the dog dry and warm in harsh climates.
- This sturdy dog has a round skull with a short muzzle and black nose.
- The V-shaped ears are pendent but not visible clearly under hair on the head.
- They have long muscular legs and a medium tail that is curled over its back.
Where to find a Puli
Puli breeders are registered on the official website of the Puli Club of America. So do visit the site to find breeders in your area. When you visit a breeder, ask to meet all of his/her dogs. Observe the premises and also ask to meet the dam of your potential puppy. Ask to see the health documents and pedigrees. A good breeder will also ask you several questions to assess whether you are a good owner for his dog. Since this is not a numerous breed, be prepared for long wait time for an available litter and a pup. The average price of a Puli puppy is between $1000 and $2000.
There’s more than meets the eye when it comes to your Puli puppy. Look beyond the cords and you will see a strikingly intelligent dog with a lively, playful nature. Your Puli will want to be a part of all family activities and he gets along well with kids. Do note that this is a working dog that has specifically been bred to work round-the-clock. So your Puli will not be satisfied with a stay-at-home routine.
Their excellent hearing also makes them a great watchdog and guard dog and they won’t hesitate to bark if something is amiss. They have a fun outlook on life and as a result, will always be ready for a game of fetch. They love children and get along well with other family pets as well. Of course, you must socialize your dog from the start to make sure he gets along well with humans and animals. The intelligent dog breed does well at obedience and agility training.
Your Puli needs a lot of exercise; at least two 30-minute walks per day. He may be also allowed to run around a fenced yard or play a game of fetch. Your Puli puppy should not be made to jump from a height or over-exerted. After all; puppies have delicate bones which can get permanently damaged if injured during puppyhood. Gradually increase your pet’s exercise. Your dog also needs mental stimulation in the form of games and mental activities. A tired dog is a happy dog and your Puli will not indulge in unwanted behavior if he is mentally and physically stimulated.
Being herding dogs, Puliks have a natural instinct to herd small animals and children. So early training is a must to prevent this from happening. Show your Puli who the boss is, right from day one, so that you have an obedient, well-mannered pet you have always wanted. Keep a schedule for daily training and make sure to include plenty of treats and rewards with the training. This way; your pet will learn to associate training with fun.
Obedience classes are a great way to get the best out of your pet. They can also build a foundation needed for other canine activities. Whether on-leash or off, you must practice only in a fenced area. Once your Puli has learned all the basic commands and is 12 months of age, you can enroll him in the world of agility training. Pulis are easy to train as they love spending time with you. So providing him with good education and lots of opportunities for activity and fun will surely make him dance with joy!
Grooming a Puli
One of the major considerations in owning a corded dog breed is the extensive grooming they need. This breed’s corded coat has been compared to a mop, a curtain, and even a rug. But whatever you call it; one thing is for sure: you cannot ignore it. Separate the cords and clean them regularly to prevent dirt from accumulating in them. Bathing and drying a Puli’s coat is a major task that can take up to 24 hours! You can always brush the clipped cords but that would mean that your dog loses a charming part of its personality.
Don’t neglect your dog’s rear end when grooming him. Squeeze out both sides of his anus to express the material in the sacs. If the material is pasty and thick, please see your vet. Clean your dog’s ears and also trim his toenails from time to time.
Hungarian Puli dogs are prone to mammary neoplasia or tumors. They also have a predisposition to ocular conditions. The Puli is known for its longevity and healthy dogs can live well into their mid-teen years.