The Samoyed, pronounced as ‘Sa-moh-yed’ is named after the Nordic Samoyed tribe which originated in Iran and migrated northwards to Siberia. The word ‘Samoyed’ means ‘people who are able to live by themselves’. This breed served as herders, companions and sledge dogs to the Samoyed people and is a pure primitive breed without any wolf or fox in the bloodline. In 1909, England recognized the Samoyed as a great show dog contender. Samoyeds are believed to be very popular in the UK and US today and they were once a favorite of Queen Alexandra as well.
- Samoyeds are ‘people dogs’ which means you cannot and must not leave them in the yard or alone in crates/kennels all the time.
- Size-Male Samoyeds measure between 21-23 ½ inches at shoulders whereas bitches stand at 19-21 inches. Their weight is between 60-75 pounds for males and between 50-60 pounds for bitches.
- Samoyeds have white coats but you might even see biscuit and cream shading. Blue eyed Samoyeds are disqualified from shows.
- On an average, their life span is about 12-14 years.
Samoyed temperament is one of the main reasons why so many people go in for this breed. This is an active, highly intelligent dog that is great with kids and also quite easy to train. They are friendly but they tend to bark at strangers. Never leave your Samoyed alone for long periods as they tend to get bored and destructive in such cases. These peaceful dogs generally get along with other pets including cats. Samoyeds are active, loyal and friendly dogs which will make a great addition to any household. They can also be vocal communicators and tend to use their paws to communicate with kennelmates and humans.
Where to find a Samoyed
Many places advertise Samoyed puppies, such as local newspapers and pet stores etc. But the Samoyed Club of America is the best place to find reputed breeders in your area. Select a breeder who has invested a great deal in the puppy’s health and is responsible about breeding. When choosing your Samoyed puppy, observe it carefully. Select one that shows good temperament; is friendly, curious and intelligent. Avoid puppies that appear scared of everything or bark all the time. If possible, try to meet the puppy’s parents as this will give you greater insight into your pet’s temperament and bloodline. The price of a Samoyed puppy can range from $1500 to $6000 depending on the breeder.
This is not a low-maintenance breed; they need extensive grooming and are heavy shedders. Your dog will not need too much bathing but you must brush its coat daily to remove dead hair and keep their coat flea and tick free. When bathing your pet once in a while, make sure to soak the coat thoroughly. Use a vet approved shampoo that won’t strip its natural oils. Brush your pet’s teeth once or twice a week and also trim their nails. You can feed rawhide chews (in moderation) to your pet o keep plaque buildup low.
Training your Samoyed puppy
Training is very important when housebreaking your Samoyed puppy. Enroll your pet in as many obedience classes as you can and also train him to socialize with people and other pets from an early age. The main reason why so many Samoyeds have to be put down annually is because lazy owners have not socialized them well. This leads to aggression and inability to get along well with anmals and humans. This is also the reason why so many pet owners end up abandoning their dogs. Patience and consistent training is key to a well-behaved Samoyed puppy. Use treats and loving praise when socializing your dog from a young age and follow basic commands.
This is an active dog so if you do not like to walk, run or play, the Samoyed might not be right for you. Be prepared to take your dog out on long walks at least once every day. Remember, these dogs are used to the Siberian climate so avoid rigorous exercise in the summer months. If you do want to exercise them in warm weather, make sure to provide them with plenty of water as their thick coats tend to dehydrate them quickly.
A common health issue in this breed is the Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy. This progresses rapidly and generally starts at about 3 months of life. It is more common in males. The disease results in renal failure and, ultimately, death. Hip dysplasia is another common condition seen in this breed. Regular vaccinations and vet checkups can help keep your pet healthy for years. Hot weather is very hard on Samoyeds. So keep your pet in cool spots and provide air conditioning as far as possible. Basements and cool bare floors indoors are good for this breed.
Samoyeds have special nutritional requirements. The best food you can feed your pet is the food you make. Home cooked dog food can prevent allergies and gastric issues in your dog. Many commercial dog food brands contain tons of corn and soya which do not provide your pet with real nutrition. Talk to your vet about the right quality nutrition for your pet. Rice, lamb and chicken are good foods for Samoyeds.
The Samoyed is a wonderful, keen and intelligent dog who is loyal and friendly too. It will certainly make a wonderful addition to your family.