The Pomeranian, fondly known as the Pom, is a small dog breed from Pomerania, Germany. The delightful breed has been a family favorite since the 18th century. Today, Poms are consistently ranked in the top 20 most famous or popular dog breeds among purebred dogs recognized by kennel registries. In this brief guide, we will discuss some cool facts including some famous Poms, their general temperament, size, grooming and exercise needs, training tips and much more about this delightful breed.
Fun Pomeranian facts
- Three dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic: a Newfoundland, a Pekingese, and a Pomeranian.
- In the early days of the breed, they were mainly considered as a ‘lady’s dog’.
- Poms are early Northern arctic dogs related to other, larger Northern arctic breeds like the Samoyeds, Alaskan malamute, and Siberian Husky. One of the ancestors of the Pomeranian is the Icelandic Spitz. However, over the years, the breed has undergone many changes to have a gorgeous coat and to be smaller.
- Earlier, they were mistaken to be the ‘Maltese’ dog breed.
- Theodore Roosevelt also owned a Pom named Gem.
- On her trip to Italy, Queen Victoria was introduced to the breed. They soon became her favorite dogs and she even commissioned a series of beautiful oil paintings on them, some of which are ranked as masterpieces today.
- Napoleon’s wife and the Empress of France also owned several Poms.
- Many movies have featured Poms. Will Smith’s character in the Enemy of the State has a white Pomeranian.
- A pair of Poms is called a ‘Puff’ and groups of three or more are called ‘Tufts’!
- Poms have a double coat; a thick and very dense undercoat and a straight, long, outer coat.
- Ideal weight for males is between 1.8-2 kilos or up to 4.5 lb; for bitches, it is between 2-2.5 kg or 4.5-5.5 lb.
- This is a medium boned dog with an attractive plumed tail set high and flat on the back.
- Their coats come in various colors like blue, orange, red, white, black, brown, and parti-colored like calico.
Where to find a Pomeranian
Your search for a Pomeranian starts by looking at local rescue shelters. You can also speak to Pom owners or get a local vet to recommend a breeder nearby. Dog shows and canine events are also good places to locate Pom breeders. Websites and magazines also list Pomeranian puppies but be wary of unethical breeders. The American Pomeranian Club website may help you find registered breeders who are genuinely working for the upkeep and maintenance of this breed.
Once you have shortlisted a few reputed breeders, you must ask them the right questions. Find out their intentions behind their breeding program. If possible, visit their facility. A good breeder will only keep one or two breeds. Steer clear of breeders who keep several different breeds; that is usually an indication that they are in it for the money.
A good breeder won’t hand over a puppy to you until it reaches 8 weeks of age. If possible, ask to see the litter. The puppy should appear curious, alert, and well-fed. You can even ask to see the dam or the mother of your potential pet. If she is of good temperament, chances are that your pet will be too. Good breeders will also hand over the puppy’s medical or health check records to ensure vaccinations, de-worming, and genetic health testing. A Pomeranian can cost anywhere between $500 and $4000 based on the breeder, the bloodlines, and your location.
A reason why Poms make great watchdogs is because of the fact that they are extremely alert; they will immediately bark if they sense someone outside your house. They are smart, out-going, and extremely loyal dogs. Poms are one-owner dogs and they attach themselves to one member in the household. They crave affection and attention from their favorite humans. Some poms can be cocky, commanding, and even haughty. But most are sound in composition and action. Provide plenty of toys to your pet and make sure he gets his daily exercise. Otherwise, this dog loves to bark and could drive your neighbors mad with the ruckus! Owing to their small size, they are usually not suitable for households with young kids.
Due to their small size, Pomeranians do not need too much exercise. Afternoon walks on a leash or a romp around a fenced yard should provide your pet with all the exercise it needs. This lively little dog also loves a game of fetch. Keep in mind that Poms do not do well in the heat; so keep your fur-baby cool on hot days.
Just like any other breed, you and your Pom will benefit greatly if you socialize and expose him to different sights, sounds, people, and other animals. Early training is crucial to teach your dog the rules of the house. The very minute that your puppy crosses the threshold to enter into your home, its training should begin. Be gentle but firm with your puppy. In the first few days, your pet will miss his litter, but you must still encourage him to sleep in a crate. You can give him a sock or an old T-shirt which has the scent of his mother. This will help him sleep.
Most puppies cry the first few nights. But soon a routine sets in. You just have to be patient. Very young puppies need to eliminate several times in the day. So take your puppy out and show him a spot where s/he can pee. Once they do as asked, give them a treat and praise them.
See my guide on crate training here. You may also consider enrolling your Pom in an obedience training school or a kindergarten for pets. Being highly alert and curious, Poms tend to get distracted. So keeping your pet’s attention during training is half the battle won. Make sure to include tons of play and vary the training to keep your pet engaged.
Grooming a Pomeranian
Pomeranians need plenty of grooming. They tend to blow their coat once or twice a year and that can leave a lot of hair all over the place. So brush your pet’s coat at least 2-3 times a week. Use a fine-toothed, natural bristle brush to catch stray hairs. Always watch out for mats and tangles. If needed, use a leave-in conditioner when brushing your pet’s coat. Check your pet’s ears from time to time to prevent ear infections. Brushing your pet’s teeth at least 2-3 times a week is recommended, though it would be best if you can brush them daily.
Though Poms are hardy little dogs, they have a genetic predisposition to diseases like luxating Patella, heart problems, skin issues, and eye infections. Also, as with most toy breeds, they are prone to weight gain and dental problems. The life expectancy of the Pomeranian is 13-15 years.